nembutal pentobarbital death

Pentobarbital (formerly known as pentobarbitone in the UK and Australia) is a short-acting barbiturate typically used as a sedative, pre-anaesthetic, and to control convulsions in emergencies.
It can also be used for the short-term treatment of insomnia, but has been largely superseded by the benzodiazepine family of drugs.

In high doses, pentobarbital causes death from respiratory failure. It is used for veterinary euthanasia and is used by some US states and the US federal government for the execution of convicted criminals.
It is also used for physician-assisted suicide in some countries and states.
Pentobarbital was commonly abused and was sometimes referred to as the “yellow vest” because of the yellow Nembutal brand capsule. Oral (pill) form of pentobarbital is no longer commercially available.
Typical uses for pentobarbital include sedatives, short-term hypnotics, pre-anaesthetics, treating insomnia, and controlling convulsions in emergencies.
Abbott Pharmaceutical ceased manufacturing the Nembutal brand of pentobarbital capsules in 1999, which have been largely replaced by the benzodiazepine family of drugs. Pentobarbital was also widely abused, known on the street as the “yellow vest.”
They were available as 30, 50, and 100 milligram capsules in yellow, white-orange, and yellow colors, respectively.
It is also used as a veterinary anesthetic.
Pentobarbital can lower intracranial pressure in Reye’s syndrome, treat traumatic brain injury, and induce coma in patients with cerebral ischemia.
Pentobarbital-induced coma has been recommended in patients with acute hepatic failure refractory to mannitol.

Pentobarbital can be fatal in high doses. It is used for euthanasia for humans and animals. It is taken alone or in combination with complementary agents such as phenytoin in commercial injectable animal autanasia solutions.

Pentobarbital Sodium (CAS No. 57-33-0)
In the Netherlands it is part of the standard protocol for physician-assisted suicide for self-administration by the patient.
In the US states of Oregon, Washington, Vermont and California, it is taken orally for physician-assisted euthanasia
The oral dose of pentobarbital prescribed for Oregon physician-assisted suicide is typically 10 g of liquid
Pentobarbital has been used or viewed as a substitute for other drugs previously used for capital punishment in the United States when those drugs are unavailable.
Texas began using pentobarbital to execute death row inmates by lethal injection on July 18, 2012.
The use of pentobarbital has been considered by several states including Ohio, Arizona, Idaho and Washington; Those states decided to switch because of shortages of pancuronium bromide, a muscle paralytic previously used as a component in a three-drug cocktail

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